[87], The primary mode of transport on the island is the motor vehicle. Jersey is not part of the United Kingdom,[15] and has an international identity separate from that of the UK,[16] but the UK is constitutionally responsible for the defence of Jersey. Home - European Commission. Now, Croatia has submitted an application to participate. [citation needed]. ", "States of Jersey (Miscellaneous Provisions) Law 2011", "Council of Ministers adopts 'Government of Jersey' identity", "Public Hearing – Review of the Roles of the Crown Officers", "Study Guide on Jersey Legal System and Constitutional Law", "Meet our new foreign minister « This Is Jersey", "TAX INFORMATION EXCHANGE AGREEMENTS (TIEAs)", Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, "Status of Channel Islands in the European Union", "Channel Islands appoint representative in Brussels", "Second Interim Report of the Constitution Review Group", "Sovereignty or dependency on agenda at conference", "Independence 'may be only option if Brexit deal is bad, https://www.gov.je/Government/JerseyInFigures/Environment/Pages/SizeLandCover.aspx, "States of Jersey - Revised 2011 Island Plan", "Jersey Census 2001: Chapter 2: Population Characteristics", "CROPP contracts brings profitability to Ohio grass-based, organic dairies", "Harmful tax competition – Taxation and Customs Union – European Commission", "EUR-Lex - 52019XG0326(01) - EN - EUR-Lex", https://www.gov.je/Government/FreedomOfInformation/pages/foi.aspx?ReportID=1395, "Lords Hansard text for 6 Dec 2001 (211206-28)", "Jersey approve Bitcoin fund launch on island", "Visas / entry clearances / work permit issue", "gov.je – Migration Monitoring and Regulation", "Answer by Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office, (Lord West of Spithead) in UK House of Lords 18 January 2010", "gov.je – Passports – I have an observation in my passport that says – the holder is not entitled to benefit from EC Provisions relating to employment and settlement – what does that mean? There are two Catholic private combined primary and secondary schools: De La Salle College in Saint Saviour is an all-boys school, and Beaulieu Convent School in Saint Saviour is an all-girls school; and FCJ primary school in St. Saviour. 5. The island's patron saint is Saint Helier.[105]. Jersey has four designated Ramsar sites: Les Pierres de Lecq, Les Minquiers, Les Écréhous and Les Dirouilles and the south east coast of Jersey (a large area of intertidal zone).[121]. [82][83] The herd total in 2009 was 5,090 animals. [38] During this time the Germans constructed many fortifications using Soviet slave labour. In two tournaments at this level Jersey have finished 6th. All border on the sea. Jersey has a government headed by a Prime Minister and a legislature comprised of 49 representatives who are elected by the eligible voting population. Jersey is part of the British Isles, which is a cluster of islands found in the North Atlantic Ocean covering an area of 121,684 square miles. The Jersey curriculum follows that of England. Thanks to specialisation in a few high-return sectors, at purchasing power parity Jersey has high economic output per capita, substantially ahead of all of the world's large developed economies. This function has now been abolished. The term Great Britain is the collective name for England Scotland and Wales. Providing you are lawfully in the UK and will be travelling according to your immigration permissions, you will not need a separate visa to travel to Jersey. This competition law was based on that of other jurisdictions. In the 21st century, diversification of agriculture and amendments in planning strategy have led to farm shops replacing many of the roadside stalls. Jersey has a large network of lanes, some of which are classified as green lanes, which have a 15 mph speed limit and where priority is afforded to pedestrians, cyclists and horse riders. The large Art Deco Forum Cinema was opened in 1935 – during the German occupation this was used for German propaganda films. Jersey is constitutionally entitled to restrict immigration[95] by non-Jersey residents, but control of immigration at the point Water supplies in Jersey are managed by Jersey Water. The European Commission has confirmed that the Code is not a legal instrument, and therefore is not legally binding, only becoming of limited "political" authority once a unanimous report has been adopted by the Group at the end of the Presidency concerned. The dialects of Jèrriais differ in phonology and, to a lesser extent, lexis between parishes, with the most marked differences to be heard between those of the west and east. The Open University supports students in Jersey, but they pay higher fees than UK students. Jersey has a special relationship with the European Union (EU). During the transition period, the UK has left the EU in law (so it is no longer an EU Member State) but the same rights and obligations apply to the UK as if it were still a member of the EU. Treasure islands: Tax havens and the men who stole the world. In January 2011, the Chief Minister designated one of his assistant ministers as having responsibility for external relations; he is now often described as the island's 'foreign minister'. Evidence of Bronze Age and early Iron Age settlements can be found in many locations around the island. About 24% of the island is built-up. Jersey Reds compete in the English rugby union system;[115] after four promotions in five seasons, the last three of which were consecutive, they competed in the second-level RFU Championship in 2012–13.[116]. It includes 49 elected members: 8 senators (elected on an island-wide basis), 12 Connétables (often called 'constables', heads of parishes) and 29 deputies (representing constituencies), all elected for four-year terms as from the October 2011 elections. 35% of Jersey's imported power comes from hydro-electric sources and 65% from nuclear sources. It is now a state in the United States.[35][36]. Immigration has helped give aspects of Jersey a distinct urban character, particularly in and around the parish of St Helier, which contributes much to ongoing debates between development and sustainability throughout the island. Those rights are primary citizenship rights, not a mere freedom. [132], Japanese Knotweed Fallopia japonica is an invasive species that threatens Jersey's biodiversity. The Channel Islands were one of the last places in Europe to be liberated. It lies within longitude -2° W and latitude 49° N. It has a coastline that is 70 km long and a total area of 119 square kilometres. Some Jersey-born people identify as British. Known for its seafood, its beaches and its yacht harbours, Guernsey, at 24 square miles, is the second largest of the British Channel Islands. It also houses the Consulate of France. Printing arrived in Jersey only in the 1780s, but the island supported a multitude of regular publications in French (and Jèrriais) and English throughout the 19th century, in which poetry, most usually topical and satirical, flourished (see Jèrriais literature). [34] In recognition for help given to him during his exile in Jersey in the 1640s, King Charles II of England gave Vice Admiral Sir George Carteret, bailiff and governor, a large grant of land in the American colonies in between the Hudson and Delaware rivers, which he promptly named New Jersey. Jersey has a separate relationship to the Crown from the other Crown dependencies of Guernsey and the Isle of Man, although all are held by the monarch of the United Kingdom.[13]. Although there are a few pan-island institutions (such as the Channel Islands office to the EU in Brussels, which is actually a joint venture between the bailiwicks), these tend to be established structurally as equal projects between Guernsey and Jersey. [60] However, Article 4 of the Protocol required the island's authorities to give the same treatment to all natural and legal persons of the Communities. The island is characetrised by a number of valleys which generally run north-to-south, such as Waterworks Valley, Grands Vaux, Mont les Vaux, although a few run in other directions, such as Le Mourier Valley. The government of Jersey has the powers to issue driving licenses, enforce tax policies and other laws enshrined in the Jersey constitution. The SS Vega was sent to the island carrying Red Cross supplies and news of the success of the Allied advance in Europe. Switzerland, previously participating, was neither an EU nor EEA member but was part of the single market so Swiss nationals had the same rights to live and work in EEA countries as other EEA nationals. BBC Radio Jersey provides a radio service, and BBC Channel Islands News with headquarters in Jersey provides a joint television news service with Guernsey. The German blacklisting of the island had to be hastily revoked when this was pointed out. King John lost all his territories in mainland Normandy in 1204 to King Philip II Augustus, but retained possession of Jersey and the other Channel Islands. Of those that specified a denomination of Christianity, equal proportions were 'Catholic' or 'Roman Catholic' (43%) as were 'Anglican' or 'Church of England' (44%). In October 2012, the Council of Ministers issued a "Common policy for external relations"[14] which noted "that it is not Government policy to seek independence from the United Kingdom, but rather to ensure that Jersey is prepared if it were in the best interests of islanders to do so". Coastal cliffs provide opportunities for rock climbing. The Odeon is now a listed building.[109][110]. [14] The Lieutenant Governor on the island is the personal representative of the Queen. The Islanders would also pick twelve of their best men to be jurats and sit with the bailiff to form the royal court, and a warden would be appointed by King George to be governor on his behalf. The common customs tariff, levies and other agricultural import measures apply to trade between the island and non-Member States. [106], Bailiwick Express is one of Jersey's digital online news sources. [37] The Jersey way of life involved agriculture, milling, fishing, shipbuilding and production of woollen goods. [56][57], Tax information exchange agreements (TIEAs) have been signed directly by the island with several countries.[58]. Since 1997, Kevin Lewis (formerly of the Cine Centre and the New Forum) has arranged the Jersey Film Festival, a charity event showing the latest and also classic films outdoors in 35 mm on a big screen. Until the 1960s, the population had been relatively stable for decades at around 60,000 (excluding the Occupation years). Trade laid the foundations of prosperity, aided by neutrality between England and France. The established church is the Church of England, from 2015 under the See of Canterbury (previously under the Winchester diocese). [131], Historically the island has given its name to a variety of overly-large cabbage, the Jersey cabbage, also known as Jersey kale or cow cabbage. Following Louis Napoléon's coup of 1851, more French proscrits arrived. The growth of this sector however has not been without its controversies as Jersey has been characterised by critics and detractors as a place in which the "leadership has essentially been captured by global finance, and whose members will threaten and intimidate anyone who dissents. Jersey, the whole Channel Islands and the Cotentin peninsula (probably with the Avranchin) came formally under the control of the duke of Brittany during the Viking invasions, because the king of the Franks was unable to defend them, however they remained in the archbishopric of Rouen. EU country / Territories related with EU countries The tables below provide a list of the EU countries and certain territories where the EU rules regulating customs, VAT and excise apply or not apply. The United Kingdom, while not a member of the EU since January 2020, remains part of the EU … Each parish elects its own force of Honorary Police consisting of Centeniers, Vingteniers and Constable's Officers. After decline and near-disappearance in the late 20th century, apple production is being increased and promoted. [99] Those who have a parent or grandparent born in the United Kingdom, or who have lived in the United Kingdom for five years, are not subject to this restriction. The rate was amended to 5% on 1 June 2011. In 2016, Brittain shocked the world by choosing to leave the EU. After the war of 1204 in which King James’ army was defeated by the King Philippe-Augustine’s of France at the battle of Roune, King James worked hard to convince the neighboring isles not to align themselves with the victorious French King. The youth cricket teams have been promoted to play in the European Division 1 alongside Ireland, Scotland, Denmark, the Netherlands and Guernsey. “EU obligation” means any obligation created by or arising by or under the Treaties; “1973 Law” means the European Union (Jersey) Law 1973 [2] . This has a warming influence on coastal areas in winter and a cooling influence in summer. [128], Notable marine species[129] include the ormer, conger, bass, undulate ray, grey mullet, ballan wrasse and garfish. Bourdélots are apple dumplings, but the most typical speciality is black butter (lé nièr beurre), a dark spicy spread prepared from apples, cider and spices. Jersey Island is certainly not the largest since it is only 8 kilometers long and 14.5 kilometers wide. In 1909, T. J. The freedom of movement under the prior EC régime was and remains a separate set of rights from the Citizen rights under article 20 and 21 TFEU which include the right to move and reside. Jersey was a centre of Neolithic activity, as demonstrated by the concentration of dolmens. EU rules on freedom of movement for workers do not apply in Jersey. There are twelve parishes found in Jersey. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Tallest Buildings in Jersey City, New Jersey. The legal system of Jersey has a similarity to that of the United Kingdom when you look at the Royal Court. Jersey has a college of further education and university centre, Highlands College. Until the 19th century, indigenous Jèrriais – a variety of Norman – was the language of the island, though French was used for official business. Mountains were formed as a result, and they are found in Ireland and Britain, especially in the north. ", "Countryside Character Appraisal – Character Area A1: North Coast Heathland", "A Short Constitutional History of Jersey", "What was the "Occupation" and why is "Liberation Day" celebrated in the Channel Islands? The islands took their distinct shape after years of being exposed to glaciations and Great Britain, and Ireland became the largest by size. The formal relationship is set out in Protocol 3 of the UK's 1972 Accession Treaty and confirmed in what is now Article 355 (5) (c) of the EU Treaties. By virtue of Article 355(5)(c) TFEU and Protocol 3 to the UK’s original Accession Agreement the Crown Dependencies are part of the EU for the purposes of free movement of goods but not of services, people or capital. The principal court is the Royal Court, with appeals to the Jersey Court of Appeal and, ultimately, to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Jersey history is influenced by its strategic location between the northern coast of France and the southern coast of England; the island's recorded history extends over a thousand years. There is also a taxi network. Jersey’s financiers are offering the British government advice on how the City of London can access lucrative EU markets once Brexit takes place. The south and east coasts from St Aubin to Gorey are largely urbanised, with only small gaps in their development, such as the Royal Golf Course in Grouville. Other production of alcohol drinks includes wine,[112] and in 2013 the first commercial vodkas made from Jersey Royal potatoes were marketed.[113]. Additional archaeological evidence of Roman influence has been found, in particular at Les Landes, the coastal headland site at Le Pinacle, where remains of a primitive structure are attributed to Gallo-Roman temple worship (fanum). Because value added tax (VAT) has not been levied in the island, luxury goods have often been cheaper than in the UK or in France, providing an incentive for tourism from neighbouring countries. Jersey is officially a British Crown Dependency that forms part of the British Isles but is not classed as being part of the UK. The Green lizard (Lacerta bilineata) is a protected species of reptile; Jersey is its only habitat in the British Isles. Aware of the military importance of Jersey, the British government had ordered that the bailiwick be heavily fortified. A Guide to The Dolmens of Jersey, Peter Hunt, Statements in Stone: Monuments and Society in Neolithic Brittany, Mark Patton, 1993, The Channel Islands, An Archaeological Guide, David Johnston, 1981, The Archaeology of the Channel Islands, Peter Johnston, 1986, One Hundred Years of the Royal Jersey Agricultural and Horticultural Society 1833–1933. [71] Major agricultural products are potatoes and dairy produce; agriculture's share of GVA increased 5% in 2009, a fifth successive year of growth. Jersey fudge, mostly imported and made with milk from overseas Jersey cattle herds, is a popular food product with tourists. 53,460 people were employed in Jersey as of December 2010[update]: 24% in financial and legal services; 16% in wholesale and retail trades; 16% in the public sector; 10% in education, health and other private sector services; 10% in construction and quarrying; 9% in hotels, restaurants and bars.[4]. Most of the surviving traditional songs are in French, with a minority in Jèrriais. For other uses, see, Saint Helier is the de facto capital of Jersey, being the seat of the island's government, however Government House, the official royal residence of the island, is located in. Skip to main content . [140] Border security and customs controls are undertaken by the States of Jersey Customs and Immigration Service. The Treaty of Rome . Low-value consignment relief provided the mechanism for VAT-free imports from the Channel Islands to the UK until 1 April 2012, at which time this policy of the UK government was binned. Commercial relationships. Jersey milk being very rich, cream and butter have played a large part in insular cooking. [9] It is the second-closest of the Channel Islands to France, after Alderney. Jersey is part of the Common Travel Area (CTA) which allows free movement of people to and from the UK and Ireland. Designs on the reverse of Jersey pound coins include historic ships built in Jersey and a series of the twelve parishes' crests. Guernsey and Jersey’ domestic data protection legislation is based on EU law. Tourism supports not only hotels, but also retail and services: in 2015 there were 717,600 visitors spending £243 million. By self-governance, the islands would have their government and legislature to make their laws, and the UK would handle the defense of the island against possible French aggression. To infer, as the French Ambassador and finance minister had attempted to argue, namely that the island is outside the European Union and Communities without qualification is therefore simplistic, in law false. Migration policy is to move to a registration system to integrate residential and employment status. Jersey is NOT part of Great Britain. In the 2011 census, the total resident population was estimated to be 97,857, of whom 34% live in Saint Helier, the island's only town. Well, the Channel Islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, Sark and Herm) are NOT part of the UK or the European Union for VAT purposes. As a result, Jersey was not part of the single market in financial services. Today they are used chiefly for purposes of local administration and electoral constituency. The Jersey Film Society was founded on 11 December 1947 at the Café Bleu, West's Cinema. Davies, Religion, History and G.R. The most notable exurban development is the Les Quennevais area, which is home to a small precinct of shops, a park and a leisure centre. The Jersey House Price Index has doubled between 2002 and 2020. The mix-adjusted house price for Jersey is £533,000, higher than any UK region including London. Concerning population, the two islands had the highest number of people living in them. Its owners, however, struggled to meet tough competition from the Cineworld Cinemas group, which opened a 10 screen multiplex on the waterfront centre in St. Helier on reclaimed land in December 2002 and the Odeon closed its doors in late 2008. The largest settlement on Jersey is in fact made up of parts of various parishes and is often referred to as "town" by islanders. The States of Jersey Fire Service was formed in 1938 when the States took over the Saint Helier Fire Brigade, which had been formed in 1901. That restriction on the exercise of certain freedoms did not apply to all Community or Union rights. The festival is regularly held in Howard Davis Park, St Saviour. However, the Channel Islands Brussels Office (CIBO) ensures that Jersey’s interests are promoted in Europe. The Atlantic Ocean has a moderating effect on temperature in Jersey, as water has a much greater specific heat capacity than air and tends to heat and cool slowly throughout the year. During the Second World War, some citizens were evacuated to the UK but most remained. In Pereira, the ECJ held that the scope of this article included any matter governed by the Treaties in a territory where the Treaties are fully applicable. In its own right Jersey participates in the Commonwealth Games and in the biennial Island Games, which it first hosted in 1997 and more recently in 2015.[114]. On 18 February 2005, Jersey was granted Fairtrade Island status.[84]. [24] In the aftermath of 1848, Polish, Russian, Hungarian, Italian and French political refugees came to Jersey. Formerly, the senior Centenier of each parish (entitled the Chef de Police) deputised for the Connétable in the States of Jersey when the Connétable was unable to attend a sitting of the States. EU applicant Turkey, former EU member state the United Kingdom and two bordering micro-states — Andorra and San Marino — are in a Customs Union with the EU. [124], The red-billed chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax became extinct in Jersey around 1900, when changes in farming and grazing practices led to a decline in the coastal slope habitat required by this species. The Western Railway track has been converted to a cycle track. The contracting parties are the EU, its member states, and Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and the United Kingdom. Bailiwick Radio broadcasts two music services, Classics and Hits, online at bailiwickradio.com, Apple & Android apps and on TuneIn. The motto around the milled edge of Jersey pound coins is Insula Caesarea (Island of Jersey). Jersey is neither a Member State of the European Union, nor does it have a European Union Association Agreement. Jersey has one of the lowest voter turno… Economic growth spurred immigration and a rise in population, which is, by 2013, about 100,000. Public transport in Jersey consists of a bus network. The terrain consists of a plateau sloping from long sandy bays in the south to rugged cliffs in the north. By 1840, up to 5,000 English people, mostly half-pay officers and their families, had settled in Jersey. The island was therefore within the scope of the Treaties to a limited extent, as a European Territory. Jersey Swimming Club have organised an annual swim from Elizabeth Castle to Saint Helier Harbour for over 50 years. The following table contains the official Jersey Airport averages for 1981-2010 for Jersey, being located 7.2 kilometres (4.5 mi) from St. Helier. Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie, Special member state territories and the European Union, Learn how and when to remove this template message, VAT-free imports from the Channel Islands, Branchage Jersey International Film Festival, States of Jersey Customs and Immigration Service, "Bulletin 2: Place of birth, ethnicity, length of residency, marital status", "Jersey's population increases by 1100 in the last year", "Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index", "Framework for developing the international identity of Jersey", "WRITTEN QUESTION P-3620/02 by Wolfgang Ilgenfritz (NI) to the Commission. The island was placed into a lockdown, with significant restrictions on freedom of movement for residents on 30 March. Pound coins are issued, but are much less widely used than pound notes. During the 20th century, British cultural influence saw an intense language shift take place and Jersey today is predominantly English-speaking. Only fragmentary wall-paintings remain from the rich mediaeval artistic heritage, after the wholesale iconoclasm of the Calvinist Reformation of the 16th century. The Centenier is the only officer authorised to charge and bail offenders. On the basis of the established principles the Council of Ministers decided to "ensure that Jersey is prepared for external change that may affect the island's formal relationship with the United Kingdom and/or European Union". “Essentially, it is about keeping us in a customs union with the EU and the single market for goods, plus the EU VAT area (which Jersey is not a part of). Jersey is an island measuring 118.2 square kilometres (45.6 sq mi) (or 66,436 vergées),[4] including reclaimed land and intertidal zone. 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